Dentures are removable appliances that can replace missing teeth and help restore your smile. Removable dentures are commonly thought of as an old age treatment, and before the advent of dental implants, were a very popular treatment option to get back lost teeth. Although, recent advances in dental technologies have made removable dentures less popular, they still hold an important position in restoring the smile and function in people with no teeth.
There are different types of dentures that can be made , which can be broadly classified into Complete Removable Dentures and Partial Removable Dentures.
Complete dentures or full dentures are plastic plates with teeth custom-made to fit each individual. It is made from pink acrylic simulating gum tissue and plastic or porcelain teeth, custom set for each patient. Complete dentures are made for edentulous patients (with no teeth). Apart from replacing teeth, they also improve appearance by mimicking gums with the pink acrylic and the overall facial height and width.
Sometimes, some of the teeth can be saved to preserve the jawbone and provide stability and support for the denture. Such kind of a denture is called an Over-denture. An over-denture is also a complete removable acrylic denture which apart from being supported by the soft tissues is also held in the mouth with the help of the remaining teeth, which are prepared in a manner to provide such a function. This extra support makes the over-denture a better form of a complete denture and is preferably done whenever possible.
Partial Removable Dentures
Partial dentures replace a few missing teeth. they are made out of plastic or cast metal. The plastic partial dentures are mainly used as a temporary solution before a more permanent fixed treatment is completed. The cast metal partial dentures are an option of a more permanent removable treatment option for missing teeth. The use of the cast metal makes the denture more stable, thinner and stronger, thus giving better functionality than its plastic or acrylic counterpart.
There are some reasons why we do not advocate their long term usage, such as
- Removable dentures don’t function like natural teeth and feel very awkward in the initial stages of use.
- They do not prevent bone loss that sets in after teeth loss, thus making them loose with time requiring frequent adjustments.
- If supported by remaining teeth, they exert undue forces on them, making them weak and eventually leading to their loss too.
- They require higher maintenance efforts from the patients as compared to fixed teeth.
- The chances of their breakage and patient losing them always exist.
But in situations, it is not possible for the patient to get fixed teeth and dentures become the only option to get back aesthetics and function, such as:
Cast Partial Dentures:
Cast partial dentures are for old age group patients for multiple tooth missing situtation it can be removed and fixed by the patients itself. Removable Partial Dentures with cast metal frameworks offer numerous advantages over the conventional partial dentures commonly used. The frameworks of these dentures are cast to fit the teeth. Since they sit on the teeth, as well as being attached to them, they are extremely stable and retentive. The teeth have to be altered slightly beforehand in order that the partial denture can rest upon them without interfering with the way the patient bites the teeth together.
The metal framework does not contact the gums. Thus, as the gums resorb, this type of partial denture does not sink with them and rarely requires relining. Because the teeth are altered beforehand, there are fewer limitations in the placement of clasps, and they are less likely to be seen than the wrought wire clasps of the conventional treatment partial denture. Modern frameworks are cast from an extremely strong alloy called chrome cobalt which can be cast very thin and are much less likely to break than the all plastic variety. They are also much less noticeable to the tongue.
What are Flexible dentures?
Flexible dentures could be the perfect solution for an individual who has lost one or more of their natural teeth as a result of gum disease, dental infection or a sporting injury. Using this method your Pearl Dental Clinic professional can utilise a partial denture to replace missing teeth and get the smile back to its natural best.
The replacement of missing teeth can have a profound effect on the appearance and overall well being of an individual. Without facial support from a denture following the removal of teeth, the face can often sag, which could make individuals appear older than they actually are. Also, the fixture of dentures can ensure oral health is maintained, as those with multiple missing teeth can often experience fracture or wear of the remaining teeth.
In addition, dentures can make it much easier for members of the public to carry out a number of tasks people usually take for granted, such as eating and speaking without difficulty.
What are the advantages of Flexible dentures?
Patients who wear flexible dentures are extremely unlikely to experience any pain or discomfort from the fixture, due to the lack of metal clasps or adhesive. Using this form of treatment, individuals are able to enjoy increased retention as a result of the custom-fitted design.
In addition, flexible dentures provide a more cosmetic solution for people by being more aesthetically pleasing than their traditional counterparts. The material used to create the fixture is transparent and blends in with the natural gum colour in the mouth. The metal clasps found in traditional dentures are replaced with tooth coloured clasps in flexible dentures.
The simple nature of the accessory means it can be quickly manufactured, which is an ideal solution for dental patients. The fact that there are a reduced number of components used means that there will be a significantly shorter waiting time.
Dental patients who are unable to receive alternative types of dentures as a result of irregularities concerning their mouth shape could benefit greatly from the flexible fitting due to the fact it adjusts to each individual.
Patients do not need to worry about the fixture coming loose or unclear speech as a result of the alien object because of the tight-fitting nature of the appliance.